What is Coco Peat?

August 7th, 2017

Coco Peat is the non-fibrous, spongy, light weight, corky material that holds together the coir fibre in coconut husk. It was in early 90’s that the horticultural use of coco peat was discovered and the material demand has been in the rise ever since.

The main characteristics of coco peat that makes it ideal for hydroponics and horticultural purposes are

  • High moisture retention capacity, capable of retaining upto 800% of moisture (by its dry weight)
  • High cation exchange capacity varying from 20 to 30 meq/100g
  • Improves soil aeration, allowing roots to breath
  • Improves soil buffering capacity as coco peat is mostly tolerant to pH variations
  • Thanks to its spongy nature, coco peat can store and release nutrients to the plants on demand
  • Coco peat can be reused for upto 5 years after which it can be used for composting or added directly into the soil
  • Most importantly coco peat is from a 100% natural and replenish-able source – the coconut husk – which makes it the best choice as an alternative to peat moss